You'll recall from the last post Connectionless oriented Protocols that there are two basic modes of communication for sockets. They are connection and connectionless modes of communication. In the last chapter, you also saw how the UDP protocol could be used to communicate in a connectionless fashion. In this chapter, you'll put the TCP/IP protocol to use, using a connection-oriented form of communication. This post will introduce you to
- The advantages of connection-oriented protocol.
- The /etc/services file and its support routines
- The /etc/protocols file and its support routines
- The connect(2) function
- How to write a TCP/IP client program
Before you jump in and write your first client program, however, a quick review and an introduction to connection-oriented communications is in order. Additionally, you'll learn about some of the support functions that are often used by TCP/IP programs that locate service and protocol information.